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equivalent of a C- to receive a pass. Submitting work done by others as
your own constitutes plagiarism. Plagiarism on any assignment will lead
to a failing grade in the class.
Bechtel, W., Mandik, P., Mundale, J., and Stufflebeam, R. S. (eds.) (2001). Philosophy and the Neurosciences: A Reader. Oxford: BlackwellBackground:
Bechtel, W. (1988). Philosophy of science: An overview for cognitive science. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Web Resources:
Milestones in Neurosciences
The Brain Project
Philosophy and the Neurosciences
The Whole Brain Atlas
Mind and Body
Robert Young's Mind, Brain, and Adaptation in the 19th Century
August 27: What is Explanation? D-N vs. Mechanistic Models
Reading: Chapter 1: Philosophy Meets the Neurosciences (Bechtel, Mandik, and Mundale)September 10: The Epistemology of Neuroscience Data
Reading: Chapter 4: Epistemic Issues in Procuring Evidence about the Brain: The Importance of Research Instruments and Techniques (Bechtel and Stufflebeam)September 17: Carving the Brain: Neurons and Brain Regions
- Ferrier, David (1986/1978). Functions of the Brain. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Reprinted as volume 3 of D. N. Robinson (ed.) Significant contributions to the history of psychology, 1750-1920. Washington, DC: University Publications of America. Chapters 7 (Functions of the Cerebrum) and 8 (Phenomena of electrical irritation of the cerebral hemispheres)
- Penfield, W. and Rasmussen, T. (1950). The cerebral cortex of man: A clinical study of localization of function. New York: MacMillan, Chapter 2: Sensorimotor Representations of the Body.
- Valentine, E. 1973). Brain Control. New York: Wiley. Excerpt: Human Response to Brain Stimulation, pp. 104-114.
- Stein, B. E., Wallace, M. T., and Stanford, T. R. (1998). The use of single neuron electrophysiology in cognitive science. In W. Bechtel and G. Graham, A companion to cognitive science. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Buckner, R. and Petersen, S. (1998). Applications of neuroimaging to the study of cognition. In W. Bechtel and G. Graham, A companion to cognitive science. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Stufflebeam, R. and Bechtel, W. (1997). PET: Exploring the myth and the method. Philosophy of Science, 63 (Proceedings).
- van Orden, G. and Paap, K. R. (1997). Functional neuroimages fail to discover pieces of mind in the parts of the brain. Philosophy of Science, 63 (Proceedings).
Required Reading: Chapter 3: Neuroanatomical Foundations of Cognition: Connecting the Neuronal Level with the Study of Higher Brain Areas (Mundale)September 24: Theorizing About the Brain
- Mundale, J. (1988) Brain Mapping. In W. Bechtel and G. Graham, A Companion to Cognitive Science. Oxford, Blackwell, Chapter 4
- Golgi, Camillo (1906). The neuron doctrine--theory and facts. In Nobel Lectures: Physiology or Medicine: 1901-1921. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
- Cajal, Santiago Ramón Y Cajal (1906). The structure and connexions of neurons. In Nobel Lectures: Physiology or Medicine: 1901-1921. Amsterdam: Elsevier
- Brodmann, K. (1909/1994). Localization in the cerebral cortex. (translated by L. J. Garey.) London: Smith-Gordon. Preface, Introduction, Chapters 1 (The basic laminar pattern of the cerebral cortex), 4, pp. 107-129 (Description of Individual Brain Maps: 1. The human brain), and 9 (Physiology of the Cortex as an Organ)
- Lashley, K. S. and Clark, G. (1946). The cytoarchitecture of the cerebral cortex of Ateles: A critical examination with architectonic studies. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 85, 223-305.
Required Reading: Chapter 2: Brain Metaphor and Brain Theory (Daugman)October 1: Reduction and Coevolution of Levels
- McCulloch, W. S. & Pitts, W. (1943). A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in nervous activity. Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, 5, 115-133.
- Block, H. D. (1962). The perceptron: A model for brain functioning. Review of Modern Physics, 34, 123-135.
- Marr, D. (1982). Vision. San Francisco: Freeman. Parts of chapters 1 and 2
Required Reading: Chapter 22. , Intertheoretic Reduction: A Neuroscientistís Field Guide (Churchland and Churchland)Neurolinguistics
Chapter 23: Explanatory Pluralism and the Co-evolution of Theories of Science (McCauley)
Chapter 24: McCauley's Demand for a Co-level Competitor. (Churchland and Churchland)
October 8: Classic Aphasia Studies: Broca and Wernicke
Required Reading: Chapter 5: Remarks on the Seat of the Faculty of Articulate Language, Followed by an Observation of Aphemia (Broca)October 15: Modern Aphasia Studies: From Geschwind to the Present
Chapter 6: Recent Works on Aphasia. (Wernicke)
First Paper Due
Required Reading: Chapter 9: Linking Cognition and Brain: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Language (Bechtel)October 22: New approaches to Neural Linguistics
- Geschwind, N. (1979). Specializations of the human brain. Scientific American.
- Bradley, D. C., Garrett, M. F., and Zurif, E. (1980). Syntactic deficits in Broca's aphasia. In D. Caplan (ed.), Biological studies of mental processes (pp. 269-286). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Friederici, A. D. (1996). The temporal organization of language: Developmental and neuropsychological aspects. In B. Velichkovsky and D. M. Rumbaugh (eds.). Communicating and meaning: The evolution and development of language. Mahwah, NJ, Erlbaum.
- Coltheart, M. (1987). Cognitive neuropsychology and the study of reading. In M. I. Posner and O. S. M. Marin (eds.), Attention and performance, volume 11 (pp. 3-37). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Plaut, D. C. (1995). Double dissociation without modularity: Evidence from connectionist neuropsychology. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 17, 291-321
Required Reading: Chapter 7: The Processing of Single Words Studied with Positron Emission Tomography (Petersen and Fiez)Neuroscience of Vision
Chapter 8: Modularity, domain specificity and the development of language (Bates)
- Deacon, T. W. (1996). Prefrontal cortex and symbol learning: Why a brain capable of language evolved only once. In B. Velichkovsky and D. M. Rumbaugh (eds.). Communicating and meaning: The evolution and development of language. Mahwah, NJ, Erlbaum.
October 29: Differentiating Visual Areas: From Lesion Studies to Single Cell Studies
Required Readings: Chapter 10: Brain Mechanisms of Vision. (Hubel and Wiesel)November 5: The Legacy of Two Pathways
Chapter 13: Decomposing and Localizing Vision: An Exemplar for Cognitive Neuroscience (Bechtel)
Required Readings: Chapter 11: Object Vision and Spatial Vision: Two Cortical Pathways (Mishkin, Ungerleider, and Macko)Are There Representations in the Brain?
Chapter 12. Neural mechanisms of Form and Motion Processing in the Primate Visual System (van Essen and Gallant)
- Haxby, J. V., Grady, C. L., Horwitz, B., Ungerleider, L. G. , Mishkin, M., Carson, R. Herscovitch, P., Schapiro, M. B., and Rapoport, S. I. (1991). Dissociation of object and spatial visual processing pathways in human extrastriate cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 88, 1621-1625.
- Milner, A. D. and Goodale, M. G. (1995). The visual brain in action. Oxford: Oxford University Press
- Jacobs, R. A., Jordan, M. I., and Barto, A. G. (1991). Task decomposition through competition in a modular connectionist architecture: The what and where vision tasks. Cognitive Science, 15, 219-250.
November 12: The Positive Response
Required Reading: Chapter 18. Representations: From Neural systems to Cognitive Systems (Bechtel)November 19: The Negative Response
Chapter 19. The Architecture of Representation (Grush)
Second Paper Due
Required Reading: Chapter 20. Of Sensory Systems and the 'Aboutness' of Mental States (Akins)Consciousness and the Brain
Chapter 21. Brain Matters: A case Against Representations in the Brain (Stufflebeam)
- Merzenich, M. M. and de Charms, R. C. (1996). Neural representation, experience, and change. In R. Llinás and P. S. Churchland (eds.), The mind-brain continuum. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Churchland, P. S. , Ramachandran, V. S., and Sejnowski, T. J. (1994). A critique of pure vision. In C. Koch and J. L. Davis, Large-scale neuronal theories of the brain. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
November 26: Where are Phenomenal Properties Experienced?
Required Reading: Chapter 14: Consciousness and Neuroscience (Crick and Koch)December 3: Pain and Subjectivity
Chapter 15. A Neurofunctional Theory of Visual Consciousness (Prinz)
Required Reading: Chapter 16. The Nature of Pain (Hardcastle)December 10: Final Paper Due
Chapter 17. The Neurobiology and Philosophy of Subjectivity (Mandik)